D19: Nhaawuparlku

AIATSIS code: 
D19
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nhaawuparlku

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Barundji (Naualko)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Naualko
Tindale (1974)
Nawalko (['naua] = ['nawa] = yes), Ngunnhalgu, Ngunnhlgri (misprint), Unelgo, Bungyarlee (of Bonney, 1884), Wampandi (lit. 'I don't understand'), Wampangee, Wompungee, Wombungee.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ngunnhalgri, Unelgo, Bungyarlee, Milpulko, Mailpurlgu
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Nhaawu-parlku [Hercus 1994] Nhaawuparlku, Nhaawarlku [Wafer and Lissarrague [2008:263]
Synonyms
Paakantyi, Naualko, Barundji, Parundji, Bungyarlee, Nawalko, Ngunnhalgu, Ngunnhlgri, Parooige, Unelgo, Wampandi, Wampangee, Wombungee, Wompungee, Nabarlgu, Ngunnhalgri, Milpulko, Mailpurlgu, Nawalgu, Nhaawu parlku
Comment
Comments: 

Hercus describes this as a dialect of Paakantyi D12 (1993).

Following Hercus, Wafer and Lissarrague divide the Darling River language into two groups: Northern Darling River or Paakantyi D12, Paaruntyi D47, Kurnu D25, Nhaawuparlku (Nhaawarlku) (D19), and Milpulo D59. Southern Darling River language includes Southern Paakantyi D61, Wilyaali (~Wilyakali) D16, Thaangkali (~Thangkakali) D14, Pulaali (Pulakali) D11, Wanyuparlku (~Wanyiwalku) D21, Pantyikali D17:, Marrawarra D6, Parrintyi D48 (2008: 263-266).

According to Tindale 'nhaawu' means 'yes' (1974:197); the suffix '-parlku' means (Hercus 1982: 275 in Wafer & Lissarrague 2008: 266).

Note that Hercus's Paakantyi grammar and dictionary is mainly on Southern Paakantyi D61.

 

References: 
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1993. Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: the author.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1994. Paakantyi. In N. Thieberger & W. McGregor (eds), Macquarie Aboriginal words: a dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. North Ryde: Macquarie Library.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 

... upstream from Wilcannia (Hercus 1993:6).

Dunlop to Murtee on upper Darling River; on lower Paroo River north to Lake Tongo (Tindale 1974).

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Luise Hercus
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available - unclear status
Grammar: 

Hercus, Luise. 1982 The Bagandji language: Pacific Linguistics B6.7 Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 

Hercus, Luise. 1993 Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: Luise Hercus.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)       Naualko Baagandji Hercus (1982) further dialects: Gurnu (Guula), Naualko, Baarrundji, Wiljaali, Dhanggaali, Bulaali, WanjubarIgu, Bandjigali, Barrindji, Marrawarra (Marawara, Maraura)
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Nabarlgu  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Nawalgu  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Naualko (Nawalku)  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Naualko