E41: Tulua

AIATSIS code: 
E41
AIATSIS reference name: 
Tulua

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
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Horton name
Gureng Gureng (Tulua)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Tulua
Thesaurus heading language
Tulua language E41
Thesaurus heading (old)
Dulua / Duluwa language (E41) (Qld SG56-01)
Tindale (1974)
Toolooa, Dandan (['dan] = man), ? Narung.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Dappil (Roth MS 1005) [Terrill 1998 and Mathew 1913] Dapil [Kite and Wurm 2004] Dandan [Capell E18, Curr 1886: vol3 p121] Toolooa [Mathew 1913, Curr 1886: vol3 p121]
Synonyms
Dappil, Gureng Gureng, Goeng, Koreng Goreng, Taribulung, Dulua, Toolooa, Dandan, Narung
Comment
Comments: 
Terrill refers to Dappil (E41) and Toolooa (E41) as the same language, which she calls Tulua (1998:88) and this database follows that practice. She identifies Dappil in Roth (1898) and in the 'Boyne River' list in Curr (1886) as this language. Roth describes do-lo-wa (E41) as a place name of the Dap-pil E41 people, at Barney Point near Gladstone (1898). Mathew's map (1913:434) has Dappil (E41) and Toolooa (E41) peoples located differently from Kite and Wurm; Mathew's location of Dapil is the same area as their Gureng (E32) and he locates Toolooa in the same location as theirs for Dapil (2004:6). According to Kite and Wurm (2004:6) Gabi E29, Gureng E32 and Dapil E41 form a subgroup with Waga-Waga E28 on the basis of lexicostatistical figures.
References: 
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Kite, Suzanne, and Stephen A. Wurm. 2004. The Duungidjawu language of southeast Queensland: grammar, texts and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics 553. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Mathew, John. 1913. Note on the Gurang Gurang tribe of Queensland, with vocabulary. Report of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science 14:433-443.
  • Roth, W.E. 1898. The Aborigines of the Rockhampton and surrounding coast districts. A report to the Commissioner of Police dated 6 July 1898. Office of the Northern Protector of Aboriginals. MS 1005.
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Calliope River to Port Curtis; inland to Coast Range and headwaters of Boyne River; at Many Peaks (Capell 1963:E18). Calliope River to Port Curtis; inland to the Coast Range and headwaters of Boyne River (northern river of this name); at Many Peaks (Tindale 1974:186). Gladstone, Miriam Vale, Many Peaks and Bileola [sic] (Kite & Wurm 2004:7).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates0
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary in Roth's MS)
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUPWaka-Gabi areal groupDappilDappil
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicThanDulua
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicThanTulua
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicThanTulua