E54: Yuwi

AIATSIS code: 
E54
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yuwi

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Yuwi
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Juipera
Thesaurus heading language
Yuwi language E54
Thesaurus heading (old)
Yuwibara / Yuwiburra / Yuibera language (E54) (Qld SF55-08)
Tindale (1974)
Yuipera, Juwibara.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Yuwibarra [Breen] Yuipera [Bridgeman 1898]
Synonyms
Yuwi, Juipera, Toolginburra, Yuipera, Juwibara, Yuibera, Yuwiburra, Yuwibarra, Yuwibara
Comment
Comments: 

Terrill assigns Yuwibara (E54) to Biri E56 on the basis of the Bridgeman and Bucas list in Curr (Vol3 44-51) having over 80% in common with Biri collected by other sources. However Breen assigns it to Wirri E57 on the basis of geography and shared items with Tindale's Widi (E57) wordlist (Terrill 1998 and Tindale 1938 in Breen 2009:228), keeping in mind that Wiri E57 is a Biri dialect from Central Queensland. Breen indicates that Yuwibarra is clearly of the local group type (having the -barra suffix) rather than a dialect or language name. See also Gabulbarra E45 for an explanation of the suffix -barra. Tindale's spelling 'Juipera' (1974:171) seems to have been adapted from the name in Curr 'Yuipera'; Tindale missed the form of the suffix '-barra' (Breen 2009:228). Capell wrote 'Juwibara' (1963).

References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. In Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 133(2):219-256.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Bridgeman, George F., and H. Bucas. 1887. Port Mackay and its neighbourhood. In The Australian race vol. 3, ed. E. M. Curr, 44-51. Melbourne: John Farnes, Government Printer.
Status: 
-
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 

At Mackay; from St. Helens south to Cape Palmer-ston; inland to Connors Range (Tindale 1974).

Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)          
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Maric   Yuwibara  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Yuwibara  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Yuwibara  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Mari Yuwibara  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Mari Juipera