G14: Indjilandji

AIATSIS code: 
AIATSIS reference name: 


Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
ABS name
Horton name
Ethnologue name
ISO 639-3 code
Tindale name
Tindale (1974)
Indjilandji, Indjilindji, Injilinji, Intjilatja (of Iliaura), Indjurandji (valid variant), Indkilindji (? typographical error), Inchalachee, Inchalanchee.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Other sources
Yindjilandji, Indjilandji; Inchalachee, Inchalanchee, Indjilindji, Indjurandji, Indkilindji, Injilinji, Intjilatja, Indjilinji; Inchalachee, Indilandji, Indjilinji, Gulbilangu, Inchalanchi, Indjiladji, Injeelanjee, Intyilatya, Intjilantji; Gulbilangu, Inchilachee, Inchalachee, Indjillnji, Yinjilanji

Due to their similar name and location, Indjilandji and Indjiladji G52 have been confused in the past. Breen (1988:1) says Indjilandji G52 is an alternative spelling for Indjiladji G52. Oates (1975) uses the spelling associated with G52, Indjiladji. She notes that most of Breen's informants regard the language as being identical to Wagaya C16 and located it north and west of Henderson's 'Injeelanjee' G52 location, but that Breen more recently equates Indjiladji with Bularnu G12.1. This is a reference to Breen 1971 in which he identifies the data in Henderson as 'identical to modern Bulanu, and from approximately the same area' (p. 17). (Note that Brammall (1991:2) says Indjilandji G14 forms a bridge between Bularnu and Wakaya.)

Osborne (PMS 1356:1) says Indjilandji G14 was located between Lawn Hill Creek and Gregory River in tribal times and that it is related to Wanji G23 (though not closely). A quick comparison of Osborne's data with Henderson's indicates that they are clearly different languages. Osborne's Indjilandji informant is the same source as Breen's in his earlier recordings (1972, 1976-7).

Previously only Indjilandji (G14) was included as a language heading in the Thesaurus. As the identity of the name Indjilandji is often unclear, there may be items catalogued as relating to Indjilandji (G14) which actually relate to Indjiladji G52.


  • Brammall, Daniel. 1991. A comparative grammar of Warluwaric, Australian National University: BA (Hons). (MS 3391).
  • Breen, Gavan. 1972. Language elicitation and narratives from western Qld, Bourke, N.S.W., Bannockburn, Vic. and Brunette Downs, NT. (BREEN_G19)
  • Breen, Gavan. 1988. Bularnu Grammar and Vocabulary machine-readable files. (ASEDA 0007)
  • Breen, Gavan. 1976-7. Language elicitation from Queensland, II. (BREEN_G04)
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Henderson, Eric. 1891. Vocabulary of the Injeelanjee: a dialect spoken by the Aboriginal tribe nearest to Yelvertoft Station, Burke district, Queensland. Presbyterian and Australian Witness, vol. 14, no. 51. (M0015909)
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Osborne, C.R. 1966. [Indjilandji] elicited material. (PMS 1356)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
State / Territory: 
Location information: 

Barkly Tableland about Buchanan Creek and Ranken River; west toward Dalmore and Alroy Downs; east toward headwaters of Gregory River and Lawn Hill Creek (Tindale 1974).

The general territorial associations were to the upper Gregory drainage and thence westward to Alexandria Station. North-eastward limit of associations - Lawn Hill Creek upstream from the Constance Range and Century Mine was associated with Yinjilanji. Musselbrook Creek and Lawn Hill Creek downstream from Constance Range was associated with Wanyi. Eastward limit of associations - The Gregory drainage from Riversleigh upstream was associated with Yinjilanji. The Gregory drainage below Riversleigh, including Century Mine and Mellish Park was associated with Nguburindi. Southward limit of associations - one point was where the road from Alexandria Station to Avon Downs crossed the Rankin River. South of this crossing was associated with Wakaya. North of the crossing with Yinjilanji (Harvey AILEC 0802).


Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981): 

Wilyara (A20 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).


Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Gulbilangu (RLS), Inchalachee (R.H.Mathews), Inchalanchee (R.H.Mathews), Indjilandji (Osborne), Indjiladji (Breen), Indjilindji (AC,Sharpe), Injeelanjee (Henderson), Intyilatya (Yallop)
Classification of the language:
Wagaya-Warluwaric (orig. Wakayic) Group,, Warluwara (SAW) or Thawa (Breen) subgroup
Identification codes:
Oates '73: 68.2b
AIAS: G.014
Capell: G14
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Between Lawn Hill Creek and Gregory River (Osborne). Probably extinct (one woman known to Osborne, 1965).
Milliken, 1972 --
Black, 1979 --
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Practical orthography:
Word lists:
Osborne ms.
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Material available on the language:
Breen, J.G. Field notes. (a few hours of tape) (worked a bit more with Osborne's informant)
Henderson, E. 1891. Vocabulary of Injeelanjee: a dialect spoken by the Aboriginal tribe nearest to Yelvertoft Station, Burke district, Queensland. Prebyterian and Australian Witness 14.51:7 (Suppl) (52 words)
Osborne, C. 1966. (Indjilandji) elicited material. 15+3p. ms. tbls. Brisbane. (AIAS) (material collected 1965 at Gregory
Downs; 227 words, sentences, phonology and grammar notes)
---------- 1966. A tentative description of the Wanji language. 58p. ms. map. (AIAS) (comparison between Wanji and Indjilandji, Garawa, Jugula)
Literacy material:

Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.

Gavan Breen, Charles Osborne
Indigenous organisations: 
Year Source Speaker numbers

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Wagaya-Warluwaric Warluwara-Thawa Yindjilandji  
Dixon (2002)   NGARNA SUBGROUP* Southern Ngarna subgroup* Yindjilandji Wagaya further dialect: Yindjilandji (or may be a separate language)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Wagaya-Warluwaric   Yindjilandji  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Wagaya-Warluwaric Warluwara/Thawa Yindjilandji  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Wagaya-Warluwaric Waluwara or Thawa Indjiladji  
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)