G12.1: Bularnu

AIATSIS code: 
G12.1
AIATSIS reference name: 
Bularnu

tabs_horizontal

Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Bularnu
Ethnologue name
Yindjilandji (Bularnu)
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Jaroinga (Bulanu)
Thesaurus heading language
Bularnu language G12.1
Thesaurus heading (old)
Bularnu language (G12.1) (Qld SF54-01)
Tindale (1974)
Yaroinga, Yarroinga, Yaringa (name applied to a creek), Yorrawinga, Yarrowin, Jurangka (Iliaura name), Manda (southern horde near Urandangi), Pulanja (language name), Bulanja, Bulanu.
O'Grady et al (1966)
-
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Warluwarra Bularnu, Yindjilandji, Bulanu, Manda, Pulanja, Bulanja
Comment
Comments: 
According to Breen (1971), Bulanu (G12.1) and Waluwara G10 informants identify Dhidhani G42 as a dialect of Bulanu. Breen says there are three dialects of the same language as Bularnu: Dhidhanu G42, Baringkirri G51 and Indjiladji G52, cautioning that the variant form of the last, Indjilandji, is also the name of a neighbouring language to the north G14 (1988:1). Brammal describes Injilaji G52 as a distinct language, closer to Wakaya C16 than Bularnu but doubts that Indjilaji G52 is actually distinct from Bularnu (1991:2). Tindale mistakenly lists Bulanu (G12.1) as an alternate name for Jaroinga (Ayerrerenge) G12 (1974:227).
References: 
  • Brammall, Daniel. 1991. A comparative grammar of Warluwaric, Australian National University: BA (Hons). (MS 3391)
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. In Linguistic Communications 5, 1-88. Melbourne: Monash University.
  • Breen, Gavan. 1980. Bularnu phonology and grammar: preliminary [draft] with semantic vocabulary. (MS 1457).
  • Breen, Gavan. 1988. Bularnu Grammar and Vocabulary machine-readable files. (ASEDA 0007).
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
QLD
Location information: 
... vicinity of Lake Nash (Breen 1980). The general territorial association was to the drainage of the Georgina east from Headingley and Austral Downs to Yelvertoft. The associations extended north to include Camooweal. There is no information on the specifics of the associations (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981): 

Witukari (A60 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).

Warluwara

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:

Elookera (Roth), Maula (O'G), Maule (T,KH, orig. AIAS), Wallawarra (Edge), Walookera (Roth, Elkin, Edge, Meggitt), Walugera (Breen), Waluwara (Breen), Warluwara (Breen, Hale), Warluware (Blake), Wallegara (Roth) (used by neighbours), Walukara (Roth) (used by neighbours)

Dialects: Kapula, Parnkara

Related languages: Bularnu (Breen -- the original Lake Nash language. Hundreds of pages of transcripts and a ms. grammar.) (Balana (Lamond), Bularna (Breen, AIAS), Bulanu (RLS))

Intjilantji (which see)

Classification of the language:

Wagaya-Warluwaric Group (Orig. Wakayic),, Warluwara (SAW) or Thawa (Breen) subgroup

Identification codes:

Oates '73: 68.1a (Bularnu 68.2a)

AIAS: G.010 (Bularnu G12.1)

Capell: G24

Present number and distribution of speakers:

Traditionally, on Georgina River from Roxborough Downs to Carandotta. Breen, 1967-70 -- 4 "moderately competent" speakers

Black, 1979 -- virtually extinct

People who have worked intensively on the language:

None.

Practical orthography:

None.

Word lists:

Breen, Hale.

Grammar or sketch grammar:

Breen.

Material available on the language:

Bayliss, J.J. 1899. Linguistics. Science of Man 2.4:68-70. (65 words in Wallawarra from J.G. Edge, Carandotta Station, Urandangie)

Breen, J.G. 1968. Report (to AIAS) on field trip to western Queensland, 1968. 5p. (Doc 68/763).

---------- 1969. Report (to AIAS) on field trip to western Queensland, 1969. 3p. (Doc 69/860).

---------- 1967. Warluwara field notes and transcriptions. (hundreds of pages). ms. (Ms 115, AIAS)

---------- 1970. A description of the Waluwara language. MA thesis, Monash University. 306p. (Ms 111, 158, AIAS)

---------- [1972?] Aboriginal languages of Western Queensland. Linguistic Communications 5:1-88.

---------- 1973. Warluwara vocabulary. 36p. ts.

---------- 1976. Warluwara and Bularnu, pp. 250-256 ("having" affix),331-335(case inflections),586-590(ergative) in Grammatical Categories in Australian Languages. Linguistic Series 22, ed. by

R.M.W. Dixon. AIAS.

Deakin, M.T. 1964?. Waluwara tape transcript. (pMs 237, AIAS)

Dutton. (old vocabulary) (30 words)

Hale, Kenneth L. Some notes on Waluwara (Maule). 11p. ms. (AIAS) (material recorded at Dajarra, 1960, from Fred Age from Urandangie)

Roth, W.E. 1897. Ethnological studies among the north-west- entral Queensland Aborigines. Brisbane: Government Printer. (100 words)

Literacy material:

None.

Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oatesexist
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 

Gavan, Breen. 1980. Bularnu phonology and grammar : preliminary [draft] : with semantic vocabulary, ms.

Dictionary: 
Gavan, Breen. 1980. Bularnu phonology and grammar : preliminary [draft] : with semantic vocabulary, ms. Gavan, Breen. Bularnu Grammar and Vocabulary machine-readable files, ASEDA 0007
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Wagaya-Warluwaric Warluwara-Thawa Yindjilandji (Bularnu)
Dixon (2002) NGARNA SUBGROUP* Southern Ngarna subgroup* Bularnu Bularnu further dialect: Dhidhanu
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Wagaya-Warluwaric Waluwara or Thawa Bulanu
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)