Witukari (A60 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).
Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Elookera (Roth), Maula (O'G), Maule (T,KH, orig. AIAS), Wallawarra (Edge), Walookera (Roth, Elkin, Edge, Meggitt), Walugera (Breen), Waluwara (Breen), Warluwara (Breen, Hale), Warluware (Blake), Wallegara (Roth) (used by neighbours), Walukara (Roth) (used by neighbours)
Dialects: Kapula, Parnkara
Related languages: Bularnu (Breen -- the original Lake Nash language. Hundreds of pages of transcripts and a ms. grammar.) (Balana (Lamond), Bularna (Breen, AIAS), Bulanu (RLS))
Intjilantji (which see)
Classification of the language:
Wagaya-Warluwaric Group (Orig. Wakayic),, Warluwara (SAW) or Thawa (Breen) subgroup
Oates '73: 68.1a (Bularnu 68.2a)
AIAS: G.010 (Bularnu G12.1)
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Traditionally, on Georgina River from Roxborough Downs to Carandotta. Breen, 1967-70 -- 4 "moderately competent" speakers
Black, 1979 -- virtually extinct
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Material available on the language:
Bayliss, J.J. 1899. Linguistics. Science of Man 2.4:68-70. (65 words in Wallawarra from J.G. Edge, Carandotta Station, Urandangie)
Breen, J.G. 1968. Report (to AIAS) on field trip to western Queensland, 1968. 5p. (Doc 68/763).
---------- 1969. Report (to AIAS) on field trip to western Queensland, 1969. 3p. (Doc 69/860).
---------- 1967. Warluwara field notes and transcriptions. (hundreds of pages). ms. (Ms 115, AIAS)
---------- 1970. A description of the Waluwara language. MA thesis, Monash University. 306p. (Ms 111, 158, AIAS)
---------- [1972?] Aboriginal languages of Western Queensland. Linguistic Communications 5:1-88.
---------- 1973. Warluwara vocabulary. 36p. ts.
---------- 1976. Warluwara and Bularnu, pp. 250-256 ("having" affix),331-335(case inflections),586-590(ergative) in Grammatical Categories in Australian Languages. Linguistic Series 22, ed. by
R.M.W. Dixon. AIAS.
Deakin, M.T. 1964?. Waluwara tape transcript. (pMs 237, AIAS)
Dutton. (old vocabulary) (30 words)
Hale, Kenneth L. Some notes on Waluwara (Maule). 11p. ms. (AIAS) (material recorded at Dajarra, 1960, from Fred Age from Urandangie)
Roth, W.E. 1897. Ethnological studies among the north-west- entral Queensland Aborigines. Brisbane: Government Printer. (100 words)
Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press
AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.