S56: Dharamba

AIATSIS code: 
S56
AIATSIS reference name: 
Dharamba

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
Dhurga (Tharumba)
ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Wandandian (Tharumba)
Thesaurus heading language
Dharamba language S56
Thesaurus heading (old)
Dharamba language (S56) (NSW SI56-13)
Tindale (1974)
Wandandian, Tharumba (valid alternative), Kurial-yuin (northern men), Murraygaro, Jervis Bay tribe.
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Dhurga, Tharumba, Wandandian, Kurial yuin, Murraygaro, Jervis Bay tribe
Comment
Comments: 
According to Eades (1976:4), the available evidence seems to support Mathews' (1902:58) claim that this is a dialect of Dhurga S53, probably a northern dialect. Eades also notes, though, that it is 'impossible to be clear on the situation of dialects' (p. 3). Besold (2012-13:2) comments that, while Dharumba (S56) shares pronoun forms and other grammatical features with Dhurga, it is very similar to Dharrawal S59 in terms of lexicon.
References: 
  • Besold, Jutta. 2012-13. Language Recovery of the New South Wales South Coast Aboriginal Languages. Australian National University, PhD thesis. (R01524 MAR)
  • Eades, Diana. 1976. The Dharawal and Dhurga languages of the New South Wales south coast: Australian Aboriginal Studies, Research and Regional Studies 8. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Mathews, Robert Hamilton. 1902. The Thoorga language. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of QLD 17:49-73.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
From the Nowra-Jervis Bay area to wallaga Lake (Eades 1976:5).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available - unclear status
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yuin Dhurga (Tharumba)
Dixon (2002) SOUTHERN NEW SOUTH WALES GROUP New South Wales south coast group Dharamba Dhurga possible further dialects: Dharamba, Walbanga
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Dharamba
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)