D30: Kullilli

AIATSIS Code: 
D30
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Kullilli

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Kullilla
Ethnologue name
Ngura [Kalali]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kalali
Thesaurus heading
Galali / Kullilli language (D30) (Qld SH55-01)
Tindale (1974)
Galali, Kullalli, Kullally, Kalili (? typographical error).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kullali, Kullally
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Galali
Ngura
Kullilla
Bitjara
Kalali
Minkabari
Garlali
Kalili
Kullali
Kullalli
Kullally
Comment
Language comment
According to McDonald and Wurm (1979:1) and Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:287), there are two varieties of Galali (D30), one which McDonald and Wurm refer to as Waŋkumara (Gaḷali) D71, and another, of which Breen (1971:13) has collected data; the former is associated with languages of the Wilson River and the latter with languages of the Bulloo River. McDonald and Wurm (1979:2) suspect that Galali D71 was originally from the Bulloo River but some of the speakers moved to the Wilson River where they adopted some features of the Wilson River languages. Waŋkumara (Gaḷali) D71 or the Wilson River Galali D71 is very close to modern Waŋkumara L25 and Bundamara L26 (McDonald & Wurm 1979:1) and can thus be classified as a Karnic language (Bowern 2001:257; Wafer & Lissarrague 2008:287). On the other hand, the Bulloo River Galali (D30) is classified as a ‘Karna-Mari fringe language’ by Breen (2007:180), who describes Karna-Mari fringe languages as 'a discontinuous group of languages, mostly poorly attested, scattered between Karnic and Mari languages but not showing much connection with either or with one another. The only one well attested is also the most remote geographically, Kalkutungu.' Previously these two language varieties were conflated under the same code, D30, based on McDonald and Wurm's suspicion that they were originally the same. However, given that this is not established fact and that, synchronically, the two are sufficiently different to be classified as belonging to different language families, they are now distinguished in this database and the Thesaurus. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:287) identify the Kalali data in Holmer’s (1988) study of Punthamarra L26 as the Bulloo River variety (D30). Breen (1971:13) mentions that he is aware of unpublished material on Galali but he has not attempted to gain access to it.
References

Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. In Linguistic Communications 5, 1-88. Melbourne: Monash University.
Breen, Gavan. 2007. Reassessing Karnic. Australian Journal of Linguistics 27(2):175-199.
Bowern, Claire. 2001. Karnic classification revisited. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, ed. Jane Simpson, et al., 245-261. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Holmer, Nils Magnus. 1988. Notes on some Queensland languages: Pacific Linguistics D-79. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
McDonald, Maryalyce, and Stephen A. Wurm. 1979. Basic materials in Wangkumara (Galali): grammar, sentences and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics B-65. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
At Bulloo Downs; north to Orient, west to Grey Range; east to Clyde, south to Bulloo Lake floodplain)and Kalali (Eulo west to Thargomindah and Bulloo River; upstream to Norley; south to Orient, Clyde, and Curra-winya) (Tindale 1974) The location in Bowern (2001) roughly matches the locations of Bitjara in Tindale (1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
7
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
McDonald, Maryalyce.1979. Basic materials in Wankumara (Galali): grammars, sentences and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics B65. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Claire Bowern, Gavan Breen, Janet Mathews,
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraNgura [Kalali]Ngura [dialects: Punthamara (Bundhamara), Kalali (Galali, Garlali), Wongkumara (Wangkumara, Wangumarra), Badjiri, Bidjara, Dhiraila, Garandala, Mambangura, Mingbari, Ngurawarla, Yarumarra. Walsh list the dialects as separate languages.]
Dixon (2002)LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUPSouth-west Queensland groupGalaliGalali
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicGarlali
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraGarlali
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraGarlali
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganDiericNguraKalali
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganDiericNguraKalali