L26: Punthamara

AIATSIS code: 
L26
AIATSIS reference name: 
Punthamara

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
-
Horton name
Wangkumara (Punthamara)
Ethnologue name
Ngura [Punthamara]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Punthamara
Thesaurus heading language
Punthamara language L26
Thesaurus heading (old)
Bundhamara language (L26) (Qld SG54-16)
Tindale (1974)
Bunthomarra, Buntamara, Buntamurra, Bantha-murra, Buntha-burra, Boonthamurra, Boontha Murra.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Bunthomarra, Buntamara, Banthamurra, Bunthaburra
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Bundhamara, Puntamara, Banthamurra, Bunka-burra (Capell 1963)
Synonyms
Ngura, Wangkumara, Bundamara, Diraila, Jarumarra, Karendala, Kungatutji, Mamwura, Ngandangara, Ngurawola, Thiraila, Wankumara, Bantha murra, Banthamurra, Boontha Murra, Boonthamurra, Bunka Burra, Buntamara, Buntamurra, Buntha burra, Bunthomarra, Puntamara, Bunthaburra, Bunthamara, Bundhamara
Comment
Comments: 
Breen (2007 p.c.) suspects that this is in a dialectal relationship with Wangkumara L68. Note that Bowern (2001) suspects that the language termed Wankumara (Galali) D71 in McDonald and Wurm (1979) is a description of neither Wangkumara L68 nor Garlali D30 but Punthamara. Breen (1971:18) says that Palpakunu L64 is a Jandruwanda L18 term for the 'Wilson River group of dialects, i.e. Mambangura L20, modern Wangkumara L68 and Kungatutji L16, Punthamara and others now extinct'. Breen (1967:2) also states that the languages (though he goes on to refer to them as tribes) spoken along the Wilson River are identical: Bundhamara (L26), Gungadudji L16, Wanggumara L68 and Ngandangura L30.
References: 
  • Bowern, Claire. 2001. Karnic classification revisited. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, ed. Jane Simpson, et al., 245-261. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Breen, Gavan. 1967. Notes on Wangkumara and Bundhumara [Punthamara]. (MS 119)
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. Linguistic Communications, vol. 5, pp. 1-88. (p BRE)
  • McDonald, Maryalyce & Stephen A. Wurm. 1979. Basic materials in Wangkumara (Galali): grammar, sentences and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics B-65. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
On creeks running east of Grey Range from Orient and Thargomindah north to near Quilpie; at Tobermory; on the west side of Grey Range only to Mount Margaret and Congie (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen, Nils Holmer,
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Holmer, Nils. 1979. Punthamara (with comparative notes on Kalali), ms. Holmer, Nils. 1988. Notes on some Queensland languages: Pacific Linguistics D79, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Ngura Ngura [Punthamara] Ngura [dialects: Punthamara (Bundhamara), Kalali (Galali, Garlali), Wongkumara (Wangkumara, Wangumarra), Badjiri, Bidjara, Dhiraila, Garandala, Mambangura, Mingbari, Ngurawarla, Yarumarra. Walsh list the dialects as separate languages.]
Dixon (2002) LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUP South-west Queensland group Punthamara Wangkumara further dialect: Punthamara
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Bundhamara
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Ngura Bundhamara
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Karnic Ngura Bunthamara
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Dieric Ngura Punthamara
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Dieric Ngura Punthamara