L64: Parpagunu

AIATSIS code: 
L64
AIATSIS reference name: 
Parpagunu

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Name
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Horton name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Synonyms
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Comment
Comments: 
According to Oates and Oates (1975:121), Breen says this seems to be a Jandruwanda L18 name covering the whole Wanggumara L25 group. In fact, Breen (1971:18) actually says that it is used to refer to the 'Wilson River group of dialects, i.e. Mambangura L20, modern Wangkumara L25 and Kungatutji L16, Punthamara L26 and others now extinct' and Breen (1967:2) states that the languages (though he goes on to refer to them as tribes) spoken along the Wilson River are identical: Bundhamara L26, Gungadudji L16, Wanggumara L25 and Ngandangura L30.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 1967. Notes on Wangkumara and Bundhumara [Punthamara]. (MS 119)
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. Linguistic Communications, vol. 5, pp. 1-88. (p BRE)
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
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Catalogue
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Parpagunu
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)