L20: Mambangurra

AIATSIS code: 
L20
AIATSIS reference name: 
Mambangurra

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Wangkumara (Mamwura)
Ethnologue name
Ngura [Mambangura]
ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Thereila (Mamwura)
Thesaurus heading language
Mambangurra language L20
Thesaurus heading (old)
Mamwura / Mambangura language (L20) (Qld SH54-04)
Tindale (1974)
Thiralla, Mambanjura (language name), Mamban-yura, Mambangura, Mamwura, Ngandangura (of a Kalali informant, but see Ngandangara).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
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Other sources
Synonyms
Ngura, Wangkumara, Mamwura, Bundamara, Diraila, Jarumarra, Karendala, Kungatutji, Ngandangara, Ngurawola, Punthamara, Thiraila, Wankumara, Betharra, Eromarra, Jarumarda, Mambangura, Ngandangura, Ngandanguru, Unda Gnoora, Thereila, Thiralla, Mambanjura, Mamban yura
Comment
Comments: 
Breen (1971) says the name Mamwura (L20), given by Beckett, is probably a mishearing of Mambangura (L20) and that Sullivan and Eglington's word list 'Coopers Creek, near the Booloo River' in Curr (1886-87) may be of this language. Note that Oates (1975:175) treats Jarumarra L56 and Ngandangara/Ngandangura L30 as alternative names of Mamwura (L20), while Tindale (1974) says that, according to Breen Mambanjura (L20) is the language of the Thereila L19 group. Breen (1971:18) says that Palpakunu L64 is a Jandruwanda L18 term for the 'Wilson River group of dialects, i.e. Mambangura, modern Wangkumara L25 and Kungatutji L16, Punthamara and others now extinct'. Breen (1967:2) also states that the languages (though he goes on to refer to them as tribes) spoken along the Wilson River are identical: Bundhamara L26, Gungadudji L16, Wanggumara L25 and Ngandangura L30.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 1967. Notes on Wangkumara and Bundhumara [Punthamara]. (MS 119)
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. Linguistic Communications, vol. 5, pp. 1-88. (p BRE)
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Sullivan, A.F. & E. Eglington. 1886. Coopers Creek, near the Booloo River. In E.M. Curr, The Australian Race , vol. 2, pp. 32-33.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
NSW
Location information: 
Thereila: only South from Nockatunga and Noccundra to Grey Range; on Dingera Creek; west to Bransby and lower Warrywarry Creek (Tindale 1974). Only the southern part of the Thereila area given by Tindale (1974) is assigned to Mambangura in this database.
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraNgura [Mambangura]Ngura [dialects: Punthamara (Bundhamara), Kalali (Galali, Garlali), Wongkumara (Wangkumara, Wangumarra), Badjiri, Bidjara, Dhiraila, Garandala, Mambangura, Mingbari, Ngurawarla, Yarumarra. Walsh list the dialects as separate languages.]
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicMambangura
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraMambangura
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraMamwura, Mambangura
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganDiericNgura