K44: Miwa

AIATSIS Code: 
K44
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Miwa

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Arnhem Land and Daly River Region Languages, nec (Miwa)
Horton Name
Miwa
Ethnologue name
Miwa
ISO 639-3 code
vmi
Tindale name
Miwa
Thesaurus heading
Miwa / Bagu language (K44) (WA SD52-09)
Tindale (1974)
Konun (valid alternative), Konan, Konin, Gonin, Kaianu, Kianu, Kyanoo, Murgura (name of eastern horde), Kuna, Kunange, Gunan, Koonange, Mande, Manda, Pago (not a tribal term but place name of old Drysdale Mission site), Bagu, Ba:gu, Manungu, Manunggu (a place or district name), Galumburu (place name of new Drysdale River Mission site), Kalumbura, Caloombooroo, Wulanggur (place name on Cape Talbot peninsula, also a horde name), Ula?gu Wula?u (Ngarinjin name for Miwa), Ulangu, Umari (place name on King George River), Pela, Boola, Pelange (use as tribal term not substantiated by Lucich), Walar (name of a snake clan).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ba:gu
Glottocode
miwa1242
Other sources
Oombulgurri [Glasgow, Hocking & Steiner PMS 656]
Synonyms
Bagu
Arnhem Land
Daly River Region Languages
Pela
Boola
Caloombooroo
Galumburu
Gonin
Gunan
Kaianu
Kalumbura
Kianu
Konan
Konin
Konun
Koonange
Kuna
Kunange
Kyanoo
Manda
Mande
Manunggu
Manungu
Murgura
Pago
Pelange
Ulangu
Umari
Walar
Wulanggur
Wulangu
Miwi
Oombulgurri
Ulagu Wulau
Comment
Language comment
Miwa is a non-Pama-Nyungan language of the Worrorran family, specifically Northern Worrorran, along with Gunin/Kwini K36; Gambera K39; Wilawila K35; Yiiji K32; Wunambal K22; and (tentitively) Gulunggulu K59 (McGregor & Rumsey, 2009:8). Tindale treats Miwa and Gonin K36 as referring to the same group/language, but McGregor (1993) treats them as separate languages or dialects. Tindale (1974:153) also reports that 'the Jeidji K32 people living near the Forrest River Mission, sometimes called Gwini K36, have also been termed Miwa K44'. The languages of the northern Kimberley area appear to be very closely related. Jones (2006) equates Gunin K36, Yeiji K32, Wunambal K22, Arruwarri K28 and Bamberr K39?, claiming that they are simply different names for the same language, which she calls the Forrest River Language. The term Pela has also been used by some in reference to a language which could be Miwa or Gunin K36. McGregor and Rumsey (2009:1) treat Pela as an alternative name of Miwa. Capell & Coate (1984:4) say Pela is neither a tribal nor a language name, but possibly the name of a region. Hernandez (1941:212) on other hand lists it among the tribal and language names of the Drysdale River area. Due to the variation in use and the resulting ambiguity, items in the AIATSIS catalogue that mention Pela are catalogued with both Miwa and Gunin language headings.
References

Capell, Arthur & H.H.J. Coate. 1984. Comparative studies in Northern Kimberley languages: Pacific Linguistics C-69. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Hernandez, Theodore. 1941. Social organization of the Drysdale River tribes, North-West Australia. Oceania 11(3):211-232.
Jones, Barbara. 2006. The Forrest River language: a book about the indigenous language of the Forrest River region. Halls Creek, WA: Kimberley Language Resource Centre.
McGregor, William. 1993. Gunin/Kwini. M√ľnchen: Lincom Europa.
McGregor, William. 2006. Australian languages / by Herman Nekes, Ernest A. Worms. Trends in Linguistics: Documentation 24. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
McGregor, William, and Alan Rumsey. 2009. Worrorran revisited: the case for genetic relations among languages of the Northern Kimberley region of Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics 600. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
East side of Napier Broome Bay and lower reaches of King Edward River; inland to about Mount Connelly; eastward to near Cape Bernier; inland on Drysdale River to the Barton Plain; eastward to the King George River and headwaters of the Berkeley River where the range is called Manungu by aborigines (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
4
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLarge (more than 200 pages)4
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
Gil, Thomas. 1934. A dictionary of the Pela language used by the natives of the coastal regions of east Kimberley in W.A, microfish.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Thomas Gil
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)WororanMiwa
Dixon (2002)NORTH KIMBERLEY AREAL GROUPMiwa (=Bagu)Wunambal McGregor (1993) further dialects: Wilawila, Gamberre, Kwini (=Gunin), Ginan, Miwa (=Bagu), Yiidji (=Forrest River)
Wurm (1994)WororanWunambalicMiwa
Walsh (1981)WororanWunambalicMiwa
Oates (1975)WororanWunambalicMiwi
Wurm (1972)WororanWunambalicBagu, Miwa
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)WororanWunambalicBagu