S39: Brataualung

AIATSIS code: 
S39
AIATSIS reference name: 
Brataualung

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Kurnai (Bratauolung)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Bratauolung
Thesaurus heading language
Brataualung language S39
Thesaurus heading (old)
Bratauolung language (S39) (Vic SJ55-10)
Tindale (1974)
Brataua, Bradowooloong, Brataualung, Bratanolung [sic] (presumably misprint), Tarrawarracka, Tarrawarrachal, Nulit.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Bradowoolong, Brataualung, Bratanolung, Tarrawarracka, Tarrawarrachal
Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Kurnai, Bratauolung, Brabralung, Braiakaulung, Ganai, Krauatungalung, Tatungalung, Brada:wulung, Bradowoolong, Bratanolung, Brataua, Nulit, Tarrawarrachal, Tarrawarracka, Tarrawarrackel, Bradawurung, Brataolung, Bradowooloong
Comment
Comments: 
According to Clark (1996) and the Victorian Aboriginal Corporation of Languages, this is a dialect of Gunai / Kurnai S68. Gardner (1996:5) and Hercus (1969), however, treat it as the name of a group whose language is Kurnai S68. On the other hand, Howitt (1996:73) treats Brataualung as the name of a clan whose language is Nulit S91, being one of three dialects of the language spoken by the Kurnai people. Walsh (1981) largely follows this analysis, with the exception of using Muk-thang as the cover term S68 as well as one of the dialects S45, and with the addition of Bidhawal S49 as a fourth dialect. Of Bidawal S49, Howitt (1996:79-81) comments that it is a mixture of Kurnai, Ngarigo S46 and 'Murring' (i.e. a Yuin language).
References: 
  • Clark, Ian D. 1996. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria: a report to the Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Gardner, P.D. 1996. The language of the Kurnai Tribes of Gippsland: with notes on grammar and pronunciation by R.H. Mathews and Kurnai-English and English-Kurnai vocabularies. Ensay VIC: Ngarak Press.
  • Walsh, Michael. 1981. Australia. In Wurm & Hattori (eds), Language atlas of the Pacific area. Pacific Linguistics C-66. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
VIC
Location information: 
From Cape Liptrap and Tarwin Meadows east to mouth of Merriman Creek; inland to about Mirboo; at Port Albert and Wilson Promontory. One of the five tribes associated as the Kurnai 146°30'E x 38°35'S
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Nulit (spoken by the Braiakaulung, Bratauolung, Tatungalung tribes)Muk-Thang [dialects: Muk-Thang (Brabiralung), Thangguai, Bidhawal, Nulit (spoken by the Braiakaulung, Bratauolung, Tatungalung tribes)]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKurnicBradawurung
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganKurnicBrataolung (Bradawulung)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganKurnicBratauolung