S44: Dhudhuroa

AIATSIS Code: 
S44
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Dhudhuroa

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Jaitmatang (Duduroa)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Duduroa
Thesaurus heading
Dhuduroa / Dhudhuruwa language (S44) (Vic SJ55-03)
Tindale (1974)
Dhudhuroa, Tharamirttong, Tharamittong, Tharo-mattay, Jeenong-metong (strong-footed ones), Dyinning-middhang, Ginning-matong (initial g read as dj), Theddora mittung (hordal term, see Jaitmathang).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Dhudhuroa, Do.dor.dee, Dodora, Dodoro, Toutourrite, Theddora-mittung, Duduroa [Clark 2005:10] Do.dor.dee (Robinson 1840), Dhuthuro'wa', Dhoo-dhoo-ro'wa', Theddora-mittung (Howitt 1904:77) [Clark 2009:201]
Synonyms
Djiningmiddang tribe
possible further name: Yaithmathang
Jaitmatang
Duduroa
Djilamatang
Kandangora
Omeo tribe
Theddora
Yaitmathang
Dhudhruwa
Dhuduroa
Do
dor
dee
Dodora
Dodoro
Toutourrite
Theddora mittung
Duduruwa
Tharamirttong
Tharamittong
Tharo mattay
Jeenong metong
Dyinning middhang
Ginning matong
Comment
Language comment
Eira (2008:153-154) discusses the issue of establishing the language identity of the historical data assembled for the programs, much of which is identified by location rather than language name. For example, data being treated as Waywurru is variously labelled Pallanganmiddang, Upper Murray, Minubuddong, Kilure, Yackandandah, Wangaratta, Robertson, Andrews and Yackandandah Bank Museum. Data treated as Dhudhuroa is variously labelled Dhudhuroa and 'Barwidgee, from Wodonga along Upper Murray'. She points out that, 'given the likely reality of linguistic relationships prior to colonisation as well as the status of the 19th century records...similarities between the lists and dissimilarities between the groups are sufficient to assert a basic division into two language groups without controversy'. Clark (2009) examines the literature on the language situation of the Omeo district of Victoria, sorting through the various analyses of groups and languages and the many name variations. He concludes that there were two languages in the area: Dhudhuroa and Yaithmathang S43, with Yaithmathang being a dialect of Ngarigu S46. He sets out the five groups associated with Dhudhuroa: Boengar-mittung, Djila-mittung, Ginning-mittung, Tarrer-mittung and Theddora-mittung; and the two groups associated with Yaithmathang: Kandangora-mittung and Yatte-mittung. Mathews (1909, in Blake & Reid 2002:213) identifies Minyambuta S90 as a dialect of Dhudhuroa, though Clark (2005), following Blake and Reid (1999), treats it as a 'probable dialect' of Waywurru (Pallanganmiddang) S89, and Gardner (1997:9) says it is the name of a group, also known as the Mogullumbitch or Mokeallumbeets, who spoke the same language as the Gundungerre S43. Mathews also says that the language of the Walgalu S47 'resembled partly the Dhudhuroa and partly the Dyirringan S51' (Mathews 1909:278).
References

Blake, Barry & Julie Reid. 1999. Pallanganmiddang: a language of the Upper Murray. Aboriginal History 23:1-14.
Blake, Barry & Julie Reid. 2002. The Dhudhuroa language of northeastern Victoria: a description based on historical sources. Aboriginal History 26:(177)-210.
Clark, Ian. 2005. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria - a reconstruction: a report to Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
Clark, Ian. 2009. Dhudhuroa and Yaithmathang languages and social groups in north-east Victoria - a reconstruction. Aboriginal History 33:201-229.
Eira, Christina. 2008. Not tigers - sisters! Advances in the interpretation of historical source spellings for Dhudhuroa and Waywurru. Aboriginal History 32:151-164.
Gardner, P. D. 1997. Some notes on Victorian alpine aborigines. Ensay, Vic: Ngarak Press. (p GAR)
Mathews, R.H. 1909. The Dhudhuroa language of Victoria. American Anthropologist, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 278-284. (B M429.78/P2)

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
VIC
Location information
... the Dhudhuroa was spoken by the Dyinningmiddhang tribe on Mitta Mitta and Kiewa rivers, and along the Murray valley from Albury to Jingellic. Minyambuta, a dialect of the Dhudhuroa, was the speech of the tribes occupying the Buffalo, King, Ovens, and Broken rivers, with the tributaries of all these streams (Mathews 1909:278 as cited in Blake and Reid 2002:179).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
0330
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
2
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Blake, Barry. 2002. The Dhudhuroa language of northeastern Victoria: a description based on historical sources. Aboriginal History. 26. 177-210.
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
The Dhudhuroa and WayWurru Language Program has been in progress since October 1998.
People: 
Barry Blake, (Victorias Aboriginal Corporation for Languages)
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)UPPER MURRAY GROUPDhudhuroa (Djiningmiddang tribe, possible further name: Yaithmathang)Dhudhuroa (Djining-middang tribe, possible further name: Yaithmathang)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganDhuduroaDhuduroa
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganDhuduroaDhuduroa
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganYaithmathangicDhudhruwa
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganYaithmathangicDuduruwa (Dhudhuroa)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)