D43: Gunya

AIATSIS code: 
D43
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gunya

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Name
ABN name
Gunya language
ABS name
-
Horton name
Kunja
Ethnologue name
Gunya
ISO 639-3 code
gyy
Tindale name
Kunja
Thesaurus heading language
Gunya language D43
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gunya / Kunja language (D43) (Qld SG55-10)
Tindale (1974)
-
O'Grady et al (1966)
-
Glottocode
guny1241
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Gunja, Kunja, Kunya, Gu:nja, Kurnja
Comment
Comments: 
According to Breen (1971:34), Marganj D42 and Gunja (D43) are dialects of the same language, and Breen (1981:275) says that Margany D42 and Gunya (D43) are dialects of a language which has no name. This appears to indicate a total membership of two. However, Breen (1981:275) goes on to say that 'Margany and Gunya are the south-westernmost of the long chain of closely related dialects (it is not clear yet how many languages they formed) known ... as Mari languages', a statement which highlights both the uncertain classification of these lects and the variable use of the term 'dialect' in most of the relevant sources. Both the terminological issue and the uncertain classification are apparent in Schmidt (1981:1), who says there were 'approximately 34 dialects' of 'the Maric language family' (some of which are Margany D42, Gunya (D43), Bidjara E37 and Biri E56), and Terrill (1998:90), who says Margany and Gunya are 'dialects of a language to the south of Biri'.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. In Linguistic Communications 5, 1-88. Melbourne: Monash University.
  • Breen, Gavan. 1981. Margany and Gunya. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 2, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 274-393. Canberra: ANU Press.
  • Curr, Edward Micklethwaite. 1886-87. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia, and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer; London: Trübner.
  • Schmidt, Annette. 1981. Problems of Australian dialectology: the Maric dialects of Queensland. (PMS 4609)
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Warrego River from Cunnamulla north to Auga-thella and Burenda; west to between Cooladdi and Cheepie; east to Morven and Angellala Creek; at Charle-ville (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Gavan, Breen.1981. Margany and Gunya. In Handbook of Australian languages, vol. 2, eds. RMW Dixon and B Blake, 274-393. Canberra: ANU.

Dictionary: 
Gavan, Breen.1981. Margany and Gunya. In Handbook of Australian languages, vol. 2, eds. RMW Dixon and B Blake, 274-393. Canberra: ANU.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Maric Gunya
Dixon (2002) GREATER MARIC GROUP Maric proper subgroup Gunja Bidjara* Breen (1973, 1981a) further dialects: Gungabula, Marrganj, Gunja, Wadjigu, Gayiri, Dharawala, Wadjalang, Wadjabangayi, Yiningayi, Yanjdjibara, Mandandanjdji, Guwamu, Gunggari, Ganulu, Gabulbara, Wadja, Nguri
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Maric Gunya
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Gunya
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Gunja
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Mari Kunya
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Mari Kunja