E9: Yunggaya

AIATSIS code: 
E9
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yunggaya

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Gumbainggir (Yuungay)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Jiegera (Youngai)
Thesaurus heading language
Yunggaya language E9
Thesaurus heading (old)
Yuungay language (E9) (NSW SH56-06)
Tindale (1974)
Yiegera, Jeigir, Yegera, Youngai, Jungai.
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Gumbainggir, Yuungay, Baanbay, Banbai, Gamlamang, Jiegera, Kumbainggiri, Yaygir, Ju:ngai, Yiegera, Jeigir, Yegera, Youngai, Jungai
Comment
Comments: 
Radcliffe-Brown (1929:400) distinguishes Yuungai (E9) from Yegera E10 and writes that the languages were 'similar' but that Yuungai is 'now entirely extinct'. Tindale (1974) lists Jungai as an alternative name of Jiegera E10. Hoddinott (1978:54) suspects that Yuungay (E9) could be another name for Yaygirr. Morelli notes that Laves recorded several names of Yungguway (E9) speakers in 1929 (2012:99). According to Morelli, Yaygirr is a language name and the name of one of four dialects: Yunggaya, Yaygirr E10, Yirraygirr E99, and Birriin E72. He notes a variant name for Yunggaya: Yuungway or Yuungguway (E9) (2012:1, 99). Birihn E72 is generally considered a dialect of Bundjalung E12 (e.g. Crowley 1978 and Sharpe 2005). In this database and in the Language Thesaurus, Birihn follows that convention. There appears to be no linguistic data available on Yunggaya. Documentation for Yaygirr E10 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1978. The Middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang (Includes 1940s Bandjalang grammar by W. E. Smythe): Research and Regional Studies 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Hoddinott, William. 1978. The languages and myths of the New England area. In Isabel McBryde (ed.), Records of times past: Ethnohistorical essays on the culture and ecology of the New England tribes. Canberra: AIAS, pp. 52-64.
  • Morelli, Steve. 2012. Yaygirr Dictionary and Grammar. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language & Culture Co-operative.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred. R. 1929. Notes on totemism in eastern Australia. In Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. 59 (1929), pp. 399-415.
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 1985. An introduction to the Bundjalung language and its dialects. Armidale: Armidale College of Advanced Education.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
Lower Clarence River, NSW (Oates & Oates 1970:158).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)UnclassifiedJu:ngai
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)