E72: Birihn

AIATSIS code: 
E72
AIATSIS reference name: 
Birihn

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
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Other sources
Birihn [Sharpe 1985]
Synonyms
Biriin
Comment
Comments: 
Morelli describes Birriin E72 as a dialect of Yaygirr E10 (2012:1). However, Birihn E72 is generally considered a dialect of the Yugambeh - Bundjalung dialect chain (Crowley 1978 and Sharpe 2005). Wafer and Lissarrague describe it as a Middle-Clarence dialect, meaning 'south' and is described as the dialect from the Rappville area (2008:356-357). See also other language varieties in the Bundjalung - Yugembeh dialect chain: Bundjalung E12; Casino language E73; Ngarabal E92; Dinggabal E16.1; Galibal E15; Geynyan D36; Gidhabal E14; Mananjahli E76; Minyangbal E18; Nerang Creek language E77; Nganduwal E78; Ngarahgwal E79; Nyangbal E75; Wahlubal E16.2; Wehlubal E80; Wiyabal E16; Wudjebal E96 and Yugambeh E17. See Bundjalung E12 for items in the catalogue which include information about this dialect.
References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1978. The Middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang (Includes 1940s Bandjalang grammar by W. E. Smythe): Research and Regional Studies 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Morelli, Steven. 2012. Yaygirr dictionary and grammar. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 1985. An introduction to the Bundjalung language and its dialects. Armidale: Armidale College of Advanced Education.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
Around Rappville area (Sharpe 1985).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Biriin Bandjalang Cunningham (1969), Geytenbeek and Geytenbeek (1971), Crowley (1978) further dialects include: Yugumbir, Nganduwal, Minjangbal, Njangbal, Biriin, Baryulgil, Waalubal, Dinggabal, Wiyabal, Gidabal, Galibal, Wudjeebal
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Biriin Bandjalang [dialeccts: Bandjalang, Yugumbee, Biriin, Dinggabal]
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)