E78: Nganduwal

AIATSIS code: 
E78
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nganduwal

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Gurgun Mibinyah
Comment
Comments: 
Sharpe coined the name Yugambeh - Bundjalung as a cover term for a group of dialects from north - east New South Wales and south - east Queensland (2005) and produced a dictionary (on CDROM) of Yugambeh - Bundjalung in 2013. Nganduwal, takes its name from the interrogative pronoun ngando meaning 'who' (Livingston, 1892 in Sharpe 2005:4). Crowley indicates Minjangbal E18 'seems to be distinct from ... Nganduwal (E78), with which it shares between 85 per cent and 90 per cent of its vocabulary' (1978:150). See also other dialects in the Bundjalung - Yugembeh dialect chain: Bundjalung E12; Birihn E72; Casino language E73; Ngarabal E92; Dinggabal E16.1; Galibal E15; Geynyan D36; Gidhabal E14; Mananjahli E76; Minyangbal E18; Nerang Creek language E77; Ngarahgwal E79; Nyangbal E75; Wahlubal E16.2; Wehlubal E80; Wiyabal E16; Wudjebal E96 and Yugambeh E17. Documentation for Bundjalung E12 and / or Yugambeh E17 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1978. The Middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang (Includes 1940s Bandjalang grammar by W. E. Smythe): Research and Regional Studies 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 2000. Dictionary of Eastern Bundjalung including Minyanbal and Ngahnduwal, ms.
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 2002. Dictionary of coastal Bundjalung: including Bandjalang, Wiyabal, Minyangbal and Ngahnduwal. Armidale, NSW: the author.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
... the language ... was spoken in the Tweed Valley, including the geographical points of Tweed Heads, Point Danger, Cudgen and Murwillumbah (Crowley, 1978: 150-1).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
Sharpe, Margaret. 2002. Dictionary of coastal Bundjalung : including Bandjalang, Wiyabal, Minyangbal and Ngahnduwal. Armidale, NSW: The Author. Sharpe, Margaret. 2000. Dictionary of Eastern Bundjalung including Minyanbal and Ngahnduwal , ms.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Nganduwal Bandjalang Cunningham (1969), Geytenbeek and Geytenbeek (1971), Crowley (1978) further dialects include: Yugumbir, Nganduwal, Minjangbal, Njangbal, Biriin, Baryulgil, Waalubal, Dinggabal, Wiyabal, Gidabal, Galibal, Wudjeebal
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)