E18: Minyangbal

AIATSIS code: 
E18
AIATSIS reference name: 
Minyangbal

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
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Ethnologue name
Yugambal (Minjanbal)
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Minjungbal
Thesaurus heading language
Minyangbal language E18
Thesaurus heading (old)
Minjungbal / Minyangbal language (E18) (NSW SH56-03)
Tindale (1974)
Minjangbal (valid variant heard at Woodenbong in 1938; ['minjung] = what; lit. 'people who say minjung,' ['mi:bin] = man), Minyung, Minyowa, Gendo (language name applied by adjoining people), Gando Minjang, Gan-dowal, Ngandowul, Cudgingberry (horde at Cudgen), Cood-jingburra.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Minyung, Minyowa, Boggangar
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Minjangbal (Livingstone 1892) [Crowley 1978] Minyang, Minyangbal [Sharpe 2005:9]
Synonyms
Minjangbal, Yugambal, Minjanbal, Boggangar, Minyowa, Minyung, Wangerriburra, Minjungbal, Gendo, Gando Minjang, Gan dowal, Ngandowul, Cudgingberry, Cood jingburra
Comment
Comments: 
Sharpe coined the name Yugambeh - Bundjalung as a cover term for a group of dialects from north-east New South Wales and south-east Queensland (2005) and produced a dictionary (on CDROM) of Yugambeh - Bundjalung in 2013. Minyangbal is the dialect from the Brunswick River and Byron Bay area (Crowley and Sharpe in Wafer and Lissarrague 2008:355). Sharpe indicates the name is derived from 'those who say miñang "what, something" ... ' (2001:7). Crowley indicates 'Minjangbal seems to be distinct from ... Nganduwal E78, with which it shares between 85 per cent and 90 per cent of its vocabulary' (1978:150). Geytenbeek 'equates this dialect with Galibal' E15 (in Crowley and Sharpe, 1996:30) A short grammar of Minjangbal was compiled by Livingston and published in Fraser, 1892, along with a 200 word lexicon. Documentation on Bundjalung E12 may be relevant. See also: Birihn E72; Casino language E73; Ngarabal E92; Dinggabal E16.1; Galibal E15; Geynyan D36; Gidhabal E14; Mananjahli E76; Minyangbal E18; Nerang Creek language E77; Nganduwal E78; Nyangbal E75; Wahlubal E16.2; Wehlubal E80; Wiyabal E16; Wudjebal E96 and Yugambeh E17. See also Ngarahgwal E79 and Arakwal E13.
References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1978. The Middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang (Includes 1940s Bandjalang grammar by W. E. Smythe): Research and Regional Studies 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Crowley, Terry and Margaret Sharpe. 1996. Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialects. In An Introduction to the Yugambeh-Bundjalung language and its dialects. Armidale : The author.
  • Livingston, H. 1892. A Short Grammar and Vocabulary of the Dialect Spoken by the Minyu(g) people of New South Wales. In An Australian language as spoken by the Awabakal, the people of Awaba or Lake Macquarie editied by Fraser, John. Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer. Appendix p2-27.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
QLD
Location information: 
Byron Bay and Brunswick Rivers (Crowley 1978).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Margaret Sharpe
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Livingstone, Hugh. 1892. A short grammar and vocabulary of the dialect spoken by the Minyug people on the north-east coast of New South Wales. In An Australian language as spoken by the Awabakal. ed. L.E Threlkeld, Appendix; 3-27.

Dictionary: 
Sharpe, Margaret. 2002. Dictionary of coastal Bundjalung : including Bandjalang, Wiyabal, Minyangbal and Ngahnduwal. Armidale, NSW: The Author. Sharpe, Margaret. 2000. Dictionary of Eastern Bundjalung including Minyanbal and Ngahnduwal , ms.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yugambal Yugambal (Minjanbal)
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Minjangbal Bandjalang Cunningham (1969), Geytenbeek and Geytenbeek (1971), Crowley (1978) further dialects include: Yugumbir, Nganduwal, Minjangbal, Njangbal, Biriin, Baryulgil, Waalubal, Dinggabal, Wiyabal, Gidabal, Galibal, Wudjeebal
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Minjangbal