E15: Galibal

AIATSIS code: 
E15
AIATSIS reference name: 
Galibal

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Kalibal
Tindale (1974)
Murwillumbah (horde southwest of that town), Moorung-moobar (horde northwest of Murwillumbah).
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Galival, Kalibal, Moorung moobar, Murwillumbah
Comment
Comments: 

Sharpe coined the name Yugambeh - Bundjalung as a cover term for a group of dialects from north-east New South Wales and south-east Queensland (2005) and produced a dictionary (on CDROM) of Yugambeh - Bundjalung in 2013. Sharpe indicates the name Galibal is derived from 'those who say gali "this, visible" ' (2005:7) i.e. this (nearby).

There is uncertainty about Galibal being spoken at Kyogle, Sharpe places a boundary between the Casino dialect E73 and Galibal to the north of Kyogle (1995 facing p. i and 1997: 365 Map 1). Croley places it  in the region of the Richmond River around Kyogle (1978).

Crowley says Galibal's closest relative is Gidhabal E14,  but Galibal is not closely related to the Casino language (1978 in Wafer & Lissarrague 2008: 355-356). Gidhabal is associated with Woodenbong, which is north west of Kyogle, Casino is closer, in the south. 

Geytenbeek equates Minyangbal E18 with Galibal (E15) (in Crowley and Sharpe, 1996:30). This language variety is usually assiciated with the Brunswick River on the coast. 

Tindale (1974 :200) calls the language at Kyogle Widjabal E16, written Wijabal by Sharpe and regarded by her as a sub-dialect of Wiyabal. The area where Widjabal was spoken was close to and possibly extended into the Kyogle region (2002, in Wafer & Lissarrague 2008: 355-356).

See also: Bundjalung E12; Birihn E72; Casino language E73; Ngarabal E92; Dinggabal E16.1; Geynyan D36; Gidhabal E14; Mananjahli E76; Minyangbal E18; Nerang Creek language E77; Nganduwal E78; Ngarahgwal E79; Nyangbal E75; Wahlubal E16.2; Wehlubal E80; Wiyabal E16; Wudjebal E96 and Yugambeh E17.

Documentation for Bundjalung E12 may be relevant.

 

References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1978. The Middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang (Includes 1940s Bandjalang grammar by W. E. Smythe): Research and Regional Studies 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Crowley, Terry and Margaret Sharpe. 1996. Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialects. In An Introduction to the Yugambeh-Bundjalung language and its dialects. Armidale : The author.
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 2005. Grammar and texts of the Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialect chain in Eastern Australia. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.

Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
QLD
Location information: 

Richmond River around Kyogle (Crowley 1978).

 

Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Margaret Sharpe
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oatesa few
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP   Galibal Bandjalang Cunningham (1969), Geytenbeek and Geytenbeek (1971), Crowley (1978) further dialects include: Yugumbir, Nganduwal, Minjangbal, Njangbal, Biriin, Baryulgil, Waalubal, Dinggabal, Wiyabal, Gidabal, Galibal, Wudjeebal
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic   Galibal  
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic   Kalibal