McKelson (MS 2687) describes two dialects of Mangala: 'riverside Mangala' A122 in the north-east, adjacent to the Fitzroy River, and 'bush Mangala' A123, south-east of La Grange Mission. He does not provide data or descriptions of these dialects, though he makes notes in MS 3702 (Series 5, Item 2) that may correspond to dialectal differences.
Weber (2009:3) reports that Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre refers to these dialects according to the word for closing a discussion or event: 'Kakutu/Kakurtu' (riverside) and 'Ngulatu/Ngulartu' (bush). Weber notes that, while the differences between these dialects have not been documented, the Mangala dialect described in Hudson (1973) differs phonologically from that described in McKelson (1989).
McGregor (1988) lists four 'possible dialect names' for Mangala, Djuwali, Jiwali, Koalgurdi and Yalmbau, though no further information is given.
Kolig (PMS 2255) says Djualin A88, one of three dialects of Wolmadjeri A66, is strongly mixed with Malngala.
Weber investigates the Marrngu sub-group, first described by O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin, consisting of Mangala (A65), Nyangumarta A61 and Mangala A65. Weber’s comparative study of these three language varieties includes evidence that the aberrant phonotactics and phoneme distribution are a result of a high number of loanwords from the surrounding Nyulnyulan languages. The stability of verbal conjugations and inflectional systems in the Marrngu languages provides evidence for relatedness. Weber concludes the similarities between these three varieties result from shared archaisms and a shared absence of innovation (2009:2).
Weber, Natalie. The Marrngu subgroup. Unpublished ms Rice University, Houston Texas. PMS 6481.
On the desert plateau about the McLarty Hills; north to Geegully Creek, n.n. ['Tjirkali], and headwaters of Edgar Range; northwest to plateau above Dampier Downs, extending no nearer than 50 miles (80 km.) to the coast; south to a known E-W line of salty waters along 21 ° latitude including Tandalgoo, n.n. ['Tjandalkuru]; east to a line about 40 miles (55 km.) east of Joanna Springs, n.n. ['Ka:lun] and ['Pikuragu] (Tindale 1974).
Contemporary location: Bidyadanga, Broome, Looma, Warralong, Strelley (Dixon 2011:30).
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McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.
AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.
Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.
Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).
McKelson, Fr Kevin R. 2004. An introduction to Mangala: 40 lessons of Mangala. Broome, WA: University of Notre Dame, Broome Campus.
McKelson, Fr Kevin R. 1989. Mangala wordlist, ASEDA 0220.
Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2005. Mangala dictionary and topical finderlists 2005. South Headland: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.