E95: Guringay

AIATSIS code: 
E95
AIATSIS reference name: 
Guringay

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
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Other sources
Gringai [Wafer & Lissarrague 2008]
Synonyms
Gringai, Gathang
Comment
Comments: 
According to Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:169-170), Guringay appeared quite frequently in the early records but not in contemporary maps of lists of NSW languages. Their analysis of Gringai (E95) vocabulary collected by Scott (1929:44-50) and the Taree dialect, i.e. Gadhang E67, reveal that they are dialects of the same language. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:167-168) treat Gadhang (Taree dialect) E67, Warrimay E2, Guringay (Gringai) and Birrbay E3 as dialects of one language, which they call 'Lower North Coast Language'. Lissarrague uses the word Gathang E67 as the name of the language spoken by Birrbay E3, Guringay (E95) and Warrimay E2 peoples (2010:1), a practice also used by the online dictionary: http://www.firstvoices.com/fr/GathangGathang: 'We, the Birrbay, Guringay and Warrimay people are connecting with our language, our culture and and our history in reclaiming Gathang, the language of our Ancestors' . Scott's (1929:44-50) wordlist is about Gringai (E95) culture and language. Lissarrague (2010:12) includes the 'Vocabulary of the Allyn River Black' (Anonymous 1845) among her sources. The documentation score is based on this information. Not to be confused with Kuringgai S62.
References: 
  • Lissarrague, Amanda. 2010. A grammar and dictionary of Gathang: the language of the Birrbay, Guringay and Warrimay. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
  • Scott, William. 1929. The Port Stephens blacks : recollections... Dungog,[N.S.W.] :Chronicle Office.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
... the part of the country lying about Dungog (Howitt 1904:570 as cited in Wafer and Lissarrague 2008:170). ... a sub-branch of numerous native people that once inhabited the lower portions of the Hunter and Karuah River Valleys (Scott 1929:1 as cited in Wafer and Lissarrague 2008:170). ... the district about Paterson (Enright 1901:80 as cited in Wafer and Lissarrague 2008:170). ... an area extending from the Dungog district, extending to parts of Paterson and Gresford districts, and that section of Port Stephens called Carrington' (Haslam et al. 1984:65 as cited in Lissarrague 2010:10)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)