G48: Rangwa

AIATSIS code: 
G48
AIATSIS reference name: 
Rangwa

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Wanggamanha (Rungarungawa)
Ethnologue name
Pitta Pitta [Rangwa]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Rungarungawa
Thesaurus heading language
-
Thesaurus heading (old)
-
Tindale (1974)
Runga-Rungawah, Ringarungawah (misprint), Dun-gadungara, Rungo Rungo.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
RungoRungo (Roth), Runga-Rungawah (Curr), Rangwa, Ranga-Rangwa [Blake and Breen 1971:171]
Synonyms
Runga Rungawa, Pitta Pitta, Runga Rungawah, Ringarungawah, Dun gadungara, Rungo Rungo
Comment
Comments: 
According to Blake and Breen (1971), also reported in Oates (1975), Rangwa is the name of a Wangka-Yutjurru speaking G5 group, though they note that the language data supplied for Runga-Rungawah (G48) by Craigie (in Curr 1886-87) is more like Bidha-Bidha G6 and Ringa-Ringa G7 than Wangka-Yutjurru. Dixon (2002) treats Rangwa as a distinct dialect of the same language as Wangka-yutjuru G5, others dialects being Yurla-Yurlanja (or Ulaolinya) G2 and Lhanima G53. He considers Tharlimanha and Wangga-Manha G1 to be alternative names of Lhanima. The Queensland Indigenous Languages Advisory Committee also treats Rangwa as one of three 'child languages' of Wangka Yutjuru G5, but gives the other dialects as Wangkamanha G1 and Ulaolinya/Lanima, treating Ulaolinya G2 and Lanima G53 as the same identity, distinct from Wangkamanha.
References: 
  • Blake, Barry & Gavan Breen. 1971. The Pitta-Pitta dialects: Linguistic Communications 4. Melbourne: Monash University.
  • Craigie, J. 1886-87. Roxburgh Downs, Lower Georgina. In Curr (ed.), The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia, and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer; London: Trübner. (M0040975)
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Queensland Queensland Indigenous Languages Advisory Committee (QILAC). <http://ngardji.com.au/languages/1352>, viewed 19 July 2016.
  • Roth, Walter Edmund. 1897. Ethnological studies among the north-west-central Queensland Aborigines. Brisbane: Government Printer. (TCNs: i9781108006170, a468357)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
-
Location information: 
On Roxburgh Downs Station and along Pituri Creek (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
0
People: 
0
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
-
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
0
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuPitta Pitta [Rangwa]Pitta Pitta [dialects: Related to Gangalanya, Garanya, Lhanima, Ngurlubulu, Ragaya, Rangwa, Yurlayurlanya, which may be extinct, and Wanggamala.]
Dixon (2002)LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUPNorth and west Lake Eyre Basin group Blake and Breen (1971)Rangwa (or Runga-Rungawa)Wangka-yutjuru* further dialects: Rangwa (or Runga-Rungawa), Yurla-Yurlanja (or Ulaolinya), Lhanima (or Tharlimanha or Wangga-Manha)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicRangwa
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuRangwa
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuRungo-Rungo
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)