See also Wanggamala C9, being the Wangkanguru L27 name for Wangkamanha.
Breen (2006 p.c.) said that Wangkamanha is a dialect of the same language as Wangka-Yutjurru G5, the name of which is also Wangka-Yutjurru (i.e. Wangka-Yutjurru is both language and dialect name).
Dixon (2002) considers Wangga-Manha G1 (also 'Tharlimanha') to be an alternative name for Lhanima G53, which is a dialect of the same language as Wangka-yutjuru G5, the others being Rangwa G48 and Yurla-Yurlanja (or Ulaolinya) G2.
The Queensland Indigenous Languages Advisory Committee (QILAC) also treats Wangkamanha as one of three 'child languages' of Wangka Yutjuru G5, the others being Rangwa G48 and Ulaolinya/Lanima. Note that they consider Ulaolinya G2 and Lanima G53 to be the same identity, distinct from Wangkamanha.
Traditionally on Mulligan and lower Georgina Rivers (SCAL).
... at Carlo and on the upper Mulligan River (Roth 1897 in Blake and Breen 1971:11).
Lanima: Mulligan River north of Kaliduwarry Waterhole; boundaries not well documented (Tindale 1974). Julaolinja: At Carlo Springs on upper Mulligan River. They shifted east to Marion Downs in postcontact times. (Tindale 1974). Wongkamala: Northwest of Annandale, at Kalidawarry, lower portion of Field and Hay rivers; north along the lower Plenty River and in eastern segment of Arunta (sometimes called Simpson) Desert, includes areas carrying ['pitjuri] (Duboisia hopwoodii) shrubs the leaves of which they exploited in trade (Tindale 1974).
Search MURA people®
Search MURA language®
Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press
AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.
Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.
Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).