Jawi is a non-Pama Nyungan language from north west Western Australia. McGregor categorises Jawi as one of the Western Nyulnyulan languages, along with Bardi K15, Jabirrjabirr K8, Nimanburru K9, Ngumbarl K4 and Nyulnyul K13. He contrasts these with the Eastern Nyulnyulan languages, Nyikina K3, Warrwa K10, Yawuru K1 and Jukun K2 (2010:209).
Bardi K15 and Jawi are mutually intelligible dialects and show few differences. They have merged over the last thirty years, but the earliest sources of Jawi indicate that the differences used to be more substantial (Bowern 2008:59-60).
Sunday Island and archipelago; north to West Roe Island; west to Jackson Island; in modern times claim landing rights on the eastern coast of Dampier peninsula between Cunningham Point and Swan Point (Tindale 1974).
Sunday Island (Stokes 1984:9). The general associations were from Jackson Island to East Sunday Island (Harvey AILEC 0802).
... spoken on Sunday Island and the islands further east and north...Jawi, as noted above, was the language of the Islanders, especially Sunday Island (Iwany) and the Mayala Islands to the east and north-east. (Bowern 2008:61).
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McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.
AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.
Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.
Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).