K16: Jawi

AIATSIS Code: 
K16
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Jawi

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Jawi
Horton Name
Djawi
Ethnologue name
Djawi
ISO 639-3 code
djw
Tindale name
Djaui
Thesaurus heading
Jawi / Djawi language (K16) (WA SE 51-03)
Tindale (1974)
Djawi, Djau, Chowie, Djaoi, Tohawi, Tohau-i (name for main island of Buccaneer Group), Ewenu (native name of Sunday Island), Ewanji, Ewenyoon, I:wanja (another version of name of Sunday Island).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Towahi, Tohawi, Ewenu, Ewenyoon
Glottocode
djaw1238
Other sources
Chowie (Bird) [Bowern 2008:63]
Synonyms
Djawi
Djaui
Towahi
Tohawi
Ewenu
Ewenyoon
Chowie
Djaw
Djau
Djaoi
Tohau i
Ewanji
I:wanja
Comment
Language comment
Bardi K15 and Jawi are mutually intelligible dialects and show few differences. They have merged over the last thirty years, but the earliest sources of Jawi indicate that the differences used to be more substantial (Bowern 2008:59-60). McGregor categorises Jawi as one of the Western Nyulnyulan languages, along with Bardi K15, Jabirrjabirr K8, Nimanburru K9, Ngumbarl K4 and Nyulnyul K13. He contrasts these with the Eastern Nyulnyulan languages, Nyikina K3, Warrwa K10, Yawuru K1 and Jukun K2 (2010:209).
References

Bowern, Claire. 2008. History of research on Bardi and Jawi. In Encountering Aboriginal languages: studies in the history of Australian linguistics, ed. William McGregor, 59-84. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
McGregor, William B. 2010. The semantics, pragmatics and evolution of two verbless negative constructions in Nyulnyul. Oceanic Linguistics 49(1):205-232.
Stokes, Bronwyn. 1982. A description of Nyigina, a language of the West Kimberley, Western Australia (MFE/B52), Australian National University: PhD. (MFE/B52).
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
Sunday Island and archipelago; north to West Roe Island; west to Jackson Island; in modern times claim landing rights on the eastern coast of Dampier peninsula between Cunningham Point and Swan Point (Tindale 1974). Sunday Island (Stokes 1984:9). The general associations were from Jackson Island to East Sunday Island (Harvey ASEDA 802). ... spoken on Sunday Island and the islands further east and north...Jawi, as noted above, was the language of the Islanders, especially Sunday Island (Iwany) and the Mayala Islands to the east and north-east. (Bowern 2008:61).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
4
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Howard Coate, Anthony Peile, Gerhardt Laves, Nekes & Worms, William Bird
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)NyulnyulanDjawi
Dixon (2002)FITZROY RIVER SUBGROUP*DjawiBaardi (or Baard) McGregor (1996), Aklif (1999) further dialects: Djawi, Njul-Njul, Djabirr-Djabirr, Ngumbarl, Nimanburru
Wurm (1994)NyulnyulanDjawi
Walsh (1981)NyulnyulanDjawi
Oates (1975)NjulnjulanDjawi
Wurm (1972)NyulnyulanDjaw(i) (Djaui)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)NyulnyulanDjaui