K9: Nimanburru

AIATSIS code: 
K9
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nimanburru

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Nimanburu
Ethnologue name
Nimanbur
ISO 639-3 code
nmp
Tindale name
Nimanburu
Thesaurus heading language
Nimanburru language K9
Thesaurus heading (old)
Nimanburu language (K9) (WA SE 51-07)
Tindale (1974)
Nimanboro, Nimanbur, Ninambur (typographical error), Wadiabulu (Njikena name).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Nimanboru
Glottocode
nima1245
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Nimanbur, Nimanburu, Nimanboorroo, Nimanbor, Nimanboro, Nimanboru, Ninambur, Ninamburu, Wadiabulu, Nimarnbur
Comment
Comments: 
McGregor (2010:209) categorises Nimanburru as one of the Western Nyulnyulan languages, along with Bardi K15, Jawi K16, Jabirrjabirr K8, Ngumbarl K4 and Nyulnyul K13. He contrasts these with the Eastern Nyulnyulan languages, Nyikina K3, Warrwa K10, Yawuru K1 and Jukun K2.
References: 
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • McGregor, William B. 2010. The semantics, pragmatics and evolution of two verbless negative constructions in Nyulnyul. Oceanic Linguistics 49(1):205-232.
  • Stokes, Bronwyn. 1982. A description of Nyigina, a language of the West Kimberley, Western Australia (MFE/B52), Australian National University: PhD. (MFE/B52).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Coast of King Sound from Repulse Point south to include swamp plain at mouth of Fraser River; inland to its sources (Tindale 1974) around Mount Clarkson and Disaster Bay (Stokes 1984:9) The general associations were from Point Cunningham Peninsula to the divide between the Fraser and Logue Rivers. Northward limit: The southern side of the Point Cunningham Peninsula. Tindale does not include Goodenough Bay within Nimanburru country, instead assigning it to Nyulnyul. However, the materials from Nekes & Worms, and Bowern indicate that Goodenough Bay was associated with Nimanburru. In Mary Durack 'The rock and the sand' (1969:32), in the discussion of the first missionary work in the 1880s, there is the following statement "From the beginning of their association he and his boy Knife had been working together on a dictionary of the Bard tribe. The Nimanboor people of Goodenough Bay, however ... spoke a different tongue." Southward limit: Nyikina speakers reported Logue River as Nyikina. Nyikina speakers reported Nilli Bubbuca Well and Bulleura OC as the northernmost points of Nyikina country. Nyikina speakers reported Mt Clarkson as Nimanburru. Therefore sources in 2007 and older sources agree that the southern boundary of Nimanburru with Nyikina lay along the drainage divide between the Fraser River drainage - Nimanburru, and the Logue River drainage - Nyikina (Harvey ASEDA 802)
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Wardal (A19 ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

4.6 Nimanburru / Nimanburu

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Nimanboorroo (Hudson & McConvell), Nimanbor (Worms), Nimanboro (Worms), Nimanboru, Nimanbur (Peile, Capell), Nimanburr (Stokes), Nimanburu (AIAS, Capell, Black, Black & Walsh, Metcalfe, Robinson, Tindale, Worms), Nimarnbur (Kerr), NimarnbuR (Kerr), Numbanbor (Nekes), Ninambur (Oates & Oates, O'Grady), Ninamburu (AIAS)
Classification of the language:
Nyulnyulan family
Identification codes:
AIAS: K9
Oates 1973: 49.1d
Capell: K1
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Stokes - none known
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Fr. Anthony Peile (according to Oates & Oates 1970:43)
Nora Kerr, mid- to late-1960s, Broome.
Practical orthography:
None in use; the Dampier Land variant of the North Kimberley orthography would be suitable.
Word lists:
Capell (1966), Kerr (nd), Nekes (1939), Worms (1944)
Textual material:
None
Grammar or sketch grammar:
None
Material available on the language:
Capell, A. 1966. A new approach to Australian linguistics. (Oceania Linguistic Monographs, 1) Sydney: University of Sydney.
Holmer, N. 1963. On the history and structure of the Australian languages. (Australian Essays and Studies, 3) Upsala: Lundequist.
Kerr, N.F. nd. A comparative word-list: Nyigina and neighbouring languages. manuscript. AIAS.
Nekes, H. 1931-1947. Kimberleys language material: D'aro, N'ol N'ol, etc. 7pts. manuscript. AIAS Ms 35. (A1;B2).
_____ .1939. The pronoun in Nyol-Nyol (Nyul-Nyul) and related dialects. In Elkin, A.P. (ed.), Studies in Australian linguistics. (Oceania Monograph, 3) Sydney: University of Sydney. 139-163.
Nekes, H. & Worms, E.A. 1953. Australian languages. (Micro-Bibliotheca Anthropos, 10) Fribourg: Anthropos-Institut. 1058pp. AIAS MF 4.
Worms, E.A. 1938a. Foreign words in some Kimberley tribes in North-Western Australia. Oceania 8. 458-462.
_____ .1938b. Onomatopoeia in some Kimberley tribes of North-West Australia. Oceania 8. 453-457.
_____ .1942. Sense of smell of the Australian Aborigines: a psychological and linguistic study of the natives of the Kimberley division. Oceania 13. 107-130.
_____ .1944. Aboriginal place names in Kimberley, Western Australia. Oceania 14. 284-310.
_____ .1949. An Australian migratory myth. Primitive man 22. 33-38.
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Anthony Peile
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)NyulnyulanNimanbur
Dixon (2002)FITZROY RIVER SUBGROUP*NimanburruBaardi (or Baard) McGregor (1996), Aklif (1999) further dialects: Djawi, Njul-Njul, Djabirr-Djabirr, Ngumbarl, Nimanburru
Wurm (1994)NyulnyulanNimanbur
Walsh (1981)NyulnyulanNimanbur
Oates (1975)NjulnjulanNimanburu
Wurm (1972)NyulnyulanNimarnbur
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)NyulunyulanNimanbur