E17: Yugambeh

AIATSIS code: 
AIATSIS reference name: 


ABN name
Yugambeh language
ABS name
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec (Yugambeh)
Horton name
Ethnologue name
Yugambal (Yugambeh)
ISO 639-3 code
Tindale name
Thesaurus heading language
Yugambeh language E17
Thesaurus heading (old)
Yugambeh / Yugumbir language (E17) (Qld SG56-15)
Tindale (1974)
Jukam (['juka] = no), Yukum, Yögum, Yuggum, Yoocum, Jugambeir, Yugambir, Yugumbir, Tjipara (horde near Brisbane), Chipara, Chepara, Tjapera, Yoocumbah.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Other sources
Yugumbir, Yugambal, Chepara, Chipara, Cudgingberry, Gando Minjang, Gandowal, Gendo, Gindobal, Goodjingburra, Jugambal, Jugambeir, Jugumbir, Jukam, Jukamba, Jukambe, Manaldja:li, Minjambuta, Minjangbal, Minjungbal, Minyambuta, Minyowa, Minyung, Mogul lumbitch, Ngandowul, Tjapera, Tjipara, Yögum, Yoocum, Yoocumbah, Yugambir, Yuggum, Yugimbir, Yukambe, Yukum, Yukumbir, Yugumbal, Yugumbee, Gurgun Mibinyah
Sharpe coined the name Yugambeh - Bundjalung as a cover term for a group of dialects from north-east New South Wales and south-east Queensland (2005) and produced a dictionary (on CDROM) of Yugambeh - Bundjalung in 2013. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:354) list four 'Tweed-Albert' dialects of 'Coastal Bundjalung' (following Sharpe 2002): Yugambeh (E17) / Mananjahli E76 ("Wangerriburra"); Nerang Creek E77; Ngahnduwal E78; Minyangbal E18. People names associated with Yugambeh (E17) (yugambeh or yugambir, its probable older form, refers to those who say yugam or yugum for 'no') include Wangerriburra (wanggirbar 'place of the Pretty-faced wallaby'); Birinburra (birihnbar, from birihn 'south'); Bullongin; Gugingin (gugin 'north'); Kombumerri (gumbawmir from gumbaw 'toredo worm, a delicacy'); Migunberri; and Manandjahli E76 (definitions from Sharpe, 2005:2, 7). See also: Bundjalung E12; Birihn E72; Casino language E73; Ngarabal E92; Dinggabal E16.1; Galibal E15; Geynyan D36; Gidhabal E14; Mananjahli E76; Minyangbal E18; Nerang Creek language E77; Nganduwal E78; Ngarahgwal E79; Nyangbal E75; Wahlubal E16.2; Wehlubal E80; Wiyabal E16; Wudjebal E96.
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 2013. Yugambeh-Bundjalung dictionary. CDROM.
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 1985. An introduction to the Bundjalung language and its dialects. Armidale: Armidale College of Advanced Education.
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 2005. Grammar and texts of the Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialect chain in Eastern Australia. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Steele, John. 1984. Aboriginal pathways in southeast Queensland and the Richmond River. St Lucia: University of Queensland Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
State / Territory: 
Location information: 
Beaudesert, Logan and Albert Rivers area (Sharpe 1985). The Yugumbir territory was shaped like a right-angled triangle. The eastern boundary with the Ngaraangbal territory was a line running south from near Beenleigh, through Tamborine Mountain to Binna Burra. The southern boundary with Galibal and Gidabal territory was a line running west along the McPherson Range as far as Mount Ballow. The third side of the triangle, the boundary with Yuggera territory, ran north-east from Mount Ballow to near Beenleigh. Yugumbir territory thus contained all of the upper Albert and Logan valleys, with the exception of Teviot Brook (in Yuggera territory) and with the addition of the headwaters of the Coomera River. The boundary between Yugumbir and Yuggera has been a matter of debate. Several authorities have considered that the boundary was along the Logan River; on that view, Beaudesert and Rathdowney lie on the border. The view adopted here, however, follows the opinion of T.W.Hardcastle, who lived near Boonah and gave careful thought to the question without resolving it precisely. He stated "the natives of the Teviot Valley spoke Yug-gra-bul... The Maroon and Upper Logan aboriginies spoke Yug-um-bir. I could never find their tribal boundaries" (Steele 1984:68).
Margaret Sharpe, Yugambeh Museum Language & Heritage Research Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
Year Source Speaker numbers

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available

Sharpe, Margaret. 2005. Grammar and texts of the Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialect chain in Eastern Australia. Munich: Lincom. Allan, John and Lane, John. 2001. The language of the Wangerriburra and neighbouring groups in the Yugambeh region. Kombumerri Aboriginal Corporation for Culture.

Sharpe, Margaret. 1998. Dictionary of Yugambeh: including neighbouring dialects: Pacific Linguistics C139. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yugambal Yugambal (Yugambeh)
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Yugumbir Bandjalang Cunningham (1969), Geytenbeek and Geytenbeek (1971), Crowley (1978) further dialects include: Yugumbir, Nganduwal, Minjangbal, Njangbal, Biriin, Baryulgil, Waalubal, Dinggabal, Wiyabal, Gidabal, Galibal, Wudjeebal
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Yugumbee Bandjalang [dialects: Bandjalang, Yugumbee, Biriin, Dinggabal]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Yugumbir
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Yugumbir (Yugambe)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Yugumbal